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Read information on Immunization, Nutrition, Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Maternal Child Health, HIV & AIDS, Research, Project Management, Planning, Strategic Plan, Monitoring, Evaluation, Education, ECCD, Agriculture, Reproductive Health, Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs), Community Health Workers, Malaria Prevention, Long Lasting Instecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs), Focus Group Discussion (FGD), Key Informant Interview (KII), Lots Quality Assuarence Sampling (LQAS), Academic Projects, Community Based Organizations (CBOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Project Financing, Voluntarism...

Project Evaluation

Project Evaluation


Project Evaluation:

Many projects are carried out or launched but never evaluated to find out if they are meeting the intended objectives or not. It is prudent to carry out an assessment to ascertain whether it has met the objectives after the project has been in existence for some time.

Project evaluation establishes the relevance or determines the likely impact or sustainability of Programme results.

Project evaluation has the following levels:

  • Formative Evaluation: Baseline survey

This is conducted in the design of the project

  • Process evaluation:

This is the assessment of the project/ programme contents, scope or coverage together with quality if intervention.

  • Outcome evaluation:

Assessment of whether the changes are attributed to the intervention.

  • Impact evaluation:

Assessment of the long-term changes to specific programmes

It is important to be very objective when conducting impact evaluation. One should never conclude with ease that a single intervention on the assessor’s part was solely responsible for the impact observed.

Project Evaluation can therefore be defined as:

The process of looking at the management process and results to see whether they are meeting the desired objectives and goals

Project Evaluation reveals whether things are turning out right or what changes are needed to make them correct.

For an evaluation to be effective and objective, relevant data must be collected through various methods.

Various methods commonly used in data collection include:

  • Interview
  • Focus group discussion
  • Observation
  • Existing records
  • Questionnaires
  • 5senses

 It is important to use wisdom when conducting interviews. Some people / communities are very sensitive on various issues, which may look too obvious to the interviewer. Therefore, a sound understanding of culture and norms of people in question is very crucial. Interviewers are also cautioned not to use any offensive language in their questionnaire and make them as simple as possible to avoid instances of sending out different meanings that do not reflect the intended one.

Types of evaluation:

Formative evaluation:

Which is usually conducted at the initial stages of the project.

Summative evaluation

This is done at the end of a project. It is also known as “end of phase evaluation”

Difference between Auditing and Evaluation

Is important to distinguish and understand the difference between the auditing and evaluation. Taken by face value, the difference might appear to be very thin but in details, they are different.


Under this broad topic, the facilitator emphasized the following points:

  • Auditing assesses the effectiveness, efficiency and economy of both programme and financial management and recommends improvement
  • It verifies compliance with established rules, regulations, procedures or mandate of the Organization.
  • It assesses adequacy of internal control
  • It assesses the accuracy and fairness of financial transactions and reports.


Evaluation establishes the relevance or determines the likely impact or sustainability of programme results”

Evaluation and auditing are instruments through which management or leaders of any organization can obtain critical assessment of operations of the organization as a basis for effecting improvement.

Mainstreaming Monitoring and Evaluation to programming:

An effective monitoring and evaluation system should be set up at initial stages to ensure that emerging problems or gaps are addressed early enough.

Promptness, efficiency and quality are essential to an effective monitoring and evaluation system.

Programme managers and donors should be able to demonstrate results, understand how their programmes are working and assess the way programme interacts with other activities at community level. This can be done through monitoring and evaluation.

Monitoring and Evaluation as a Tool for strengthening Programme

Monitoring and evaluation as observed can be used as a tool for strengthening programme and systems within a project.

This can be done in the following ways;

  1. Programme managers and staff can assess the quality of activities and the extent to which the target population is reached
  2. With sufficient data one can compare sites, set priorities for strategic planning, assess training and supervisory needs and obtained feedback from target population.
  3. In future planning and evaluation framework makes it easier to give priority to resource allocations, strengthen the organizations fund raising strategy, educate and motivate staff and provide information on the interventions that are workable.
  4. The frame work can help prove that an effective programme is essential.
  5. Monitoring and evaluation can help stakeholders and the community understand what the project is doing, how well it is meeting its objectives and identified obstacles.
  6. Sharing results can help in establishing and networking with organizations with similar goals.
  7. Repetitions and duplications can be avoided through monitoring and evaluation programme.

For more information contact:

Dr. Nyamu

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

+254 722 415 237




Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation

A study done in Narok District revealed that the community of Narok District ( 61.5%) still value FGM as a way of maintaining culture and tradition and considered this mainly as the rite of passage of a girl to becoming a woman. FGM prevalence in Narok was recorded at 89% in 1998 according to the Kenya Demographic Health Survey.

The study also found that spread of Christianity in Narok had come out quite clearly in the as one of the factors that had contributed towards reducing the proportion of community members who practiced FGM. Mara area which had the highest number of traditionalists (63.5%) had the highest (87%) of the people who valued FGM.

Parents (father and mother) were reported to have the strongest influence on a girl going for FGM as reported by 52% of the respondents. Girls who refused to undergo FGM were discriminated against as reported by 25% of the respondents.

Alternative Rite of passage being one of the solutions to FGM practice, was not well received as only 14.6% of the respondents believed in them.



Agriculture and Food security


Agriculture and Food security


The Maasai communities who have in the past mainly depended on pastoralism are now embracing farming activities as an alternative or additional source of livelihood. In a study done in Narok, out of the 540 respondents interviewed, 411 (76.1%) had agricultural land for farming activities mainly growing food crops. This is a remarkable achievement considering a people who had for many years seen farming as a foreign activity.

For more information contact:

Dr. Nyamu

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

+254 722 415 237





Nanyuki - Doldol

In a study carried out in Nanyuki – Doldol area, the findings revealed that 34.4% (C.I 95% n= 310) of the respondents had not been to school at all. Further analysis revealed that 46.3% men in the Nanyuki – Doldol area were literate compared to the 14% of females who were literate according to the finding of this study. 76.8% (95% C.I n=691) of the respondents’ children enrolled in school between the age of 4 and 7 years. 1.4 %( n=13) enrolled between the age of 8 and 11 years while 0.2% (n=2) enrolled them at the age of 16 years and above. This was a pointer that education had been accepted by the community within the area.

The average enrolment rate for boys within Nanyuki-Doldol area was 97.1% for boys compared to 92.8% reported in the Laikipia District Development Plan2002-2008 while that of girls was 95.7% compared to the 92% reported in DDP.

The findings of this study revealed that 34.4% (C.I 95% n= 310) of the respondents within the Nanyuki- Doldol area had not been to school at all.


A study done in Narok indicated that there was increased awareness on the importance of education for children as evidenced by the increased enrolment. The overall average enrolment for the entire Narok District according to Narok District Plan (DDP) (2002 – 2008) was 59.0%. However 75.0% of the respondents interviewed in the study had at least a child in school indicating a notable improvement in enrolment in the area. An overwhelming 94.3% of respondents Aperceived girl’s education to be beneficial.

For more information contact:

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

+254 722 415 237






A study carried out in Nanyuki – Doldol, found that 95% of the respondents had knowledge of HIV and AIDs with 79.1% of the respondents having a clear understanding on the mode of transmission. 83.3% had knowledge on where to go for testing compared to 61% in 2004.

50% (n=452) of the respondents walked more than 6o minutes to health facilities while 29.6% took between 30-60 minutes and only 18% took less than 30 minutes. This practically meant that women and children had a lot of difficulties in getting medical care within the area to the long distances. Though the area had done quite a lot of good work towards the improvement of the health facilities, it was too good and yet too little’ due to the vastness of the area.

For more information contact:

Dr. Nyamu

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

+254 722 415 237

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